TERRACES FROM WOOD, RIGA

Regardless of its size, your terrace will always be a special place that needs to be maintained and updated to enjoy the outdoors with loved ones or alone. To furnish this special space, there are many materials and finishes that can give the entire space its own personality and character. Wood is one of them and can certainly give a special, cozy and warm touch to your comfortable terrace. In addition, wood combines very well with a wide variety of materials and fabrics, making rooms elegant and unique.

TERRACES FROM WOOD

Wood consists of cellulose (40-45%), hemicellulose, water and lignin (20-30%). The latter, lignin, is responsible for changing the color of the outdoor decking.

Under the influence of sunlight (ultraviolet), lignin changes inside, forming low molecular weight “polyphenols”, which usually have a darker color. This means that when exposed to sun and rain, the lignin is converted and the wood becomes grayer in color and more vulnerable to attack by fungi and bacteria.

Therefore, to care for wood outdoors, it is necessary to use special products that can remove the gray coating of wood. Typically, these are vegetable-based impregnating oils that enhance the color of the wood and penetrate into the wood, providing it with deep protection.

Wooden terraces are nothing new, but modern architecture has taken a fresh look at them, actively using modern materials and combining them with wood, such as laminate and WPC (wood-polymer composite).

Wooden outdoor terraces remain very popular, as do sunshades such as wooden gazebos and pergolas. Although they cost more than aluminum, they are still a good investment due to the value they add to a space.

Wooden terraces allow you to enjoy the view of nature even during the winter months, using it as a winter garden to house plants that are afraid of the cold, or even as a small living room. An inexpensive alternative to fencing a terrace with a tree, hiding it from prying eyes, are stationary or mobile garden wooden sheds.

A terrace with a wooden floor is very fashionable, especially when it comes to attics, which are usually quite large, always look a bit empty. It can be combined with a parapet, also made of wood, which is ideal for softening a façade with slightly austere lines.

When choosing a terrace board, it is recommended to pay attention to the material from which it is made. A cheaper board is made of soft and unstable wood species (pine, spruce), which affects its durability and additional costs for preventive treatment.

A decking board made of oak, ash, larch, birch, valuable and exotic woods is considered more expensive and of higher quality.

Terraces made of European wood species:

Consider purchasing species that are typical of the area where you live to get the best value for money, as the lower the shipping costs, the greater the savings on the purchase price.

For processing European wood species: pine, larch, Douglas fir, spruce, ash, it is necessary to protect these wood species from bad weather, insects and fungi with special means.

Exotic wood terraces:

Prefer wood varieties that come from FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) and PEFC (Pan European Forest Certification Council) certified organizations that promote sustainable forest management worldwide, with a lifespan of up to 50 years.

Wood undergoes heat treatment, that is, it is heated to a temperature of 215 degrees, and then cooled with water vapor. No chemicals are used. The heat treatment process removes moisture and polysaccharides. The structure of the material becomes denser. Wood treated in this way has several advantages:

  • It does not absorb moisture, retains its geometry and is protected from damage by microorganisms.
  • Pine, birch, ash, cedar, larch are the types of wood that are best suited for heat treatment. And this increases the choice of boards for making wooden terraces.
  • Despite the fact that thermal wood burns out under the sun, this effect is purely visual and does not affect the strength of the material.

This process is ideal for obtaining very light wood, with strong resistance to mold, better thermal insulation, for the resin to disappear.

Another way to protect wood is impregnation. This process is a deep impregnation of wood with an antiseptic, which is performed under vacuum and high pressure. The service life of such a board is up to 25 years when laid on mounting logs and up to 15 years in contact with the ground due to the fact that the board is protected from decay, fungus and pests. Usually, in practice, pine is subjected to impregnation, but impregnation with an antiseptic will not replace protective treatment.

However, it should be borne in mind that the impregnated board has a brown or greenish color. It is for this reason that it will not be possible to make a light-colored terrace from such a board.

Impregnation of wood in an autoclave is an industrial preventive treatment. The wood is dried to 25 percent inside a cylindrical container under pressure, while a deep-penetrating fungicide and insecticide is sprayed onto it. There are several levels of wood treatment, which are determined according to certain risk classes:

Class 1: wood dry, no moisture: suitable for furniture, parquet and skirting boards. Susceptible to: biological hazards, insects and termites depending on the region. Wood: spruce, pine, larch and Douglas fir.

Class 2: Dry wood, the surface of which can be periodically exposed to moisture, can be used as construction wood. Threats: possible presence of fungi, insects and termites depending on the region. Wood: spruce, pine, larch and Douglas fir.

Class 3: alternating wet and dry; wood does not come into contact with soil or water. Used for exterior cladding and fastening. Wood: fir, pine, larch, Douglas fir and spruce.

Class 4: wood is often exposed to moisture, although not in constant contact with water; used for making fences, poles, children’s outdoor play structures, floating platforms, garden furniture. This wood is at risk of deep rot and insect attack. Wood: dried pine.

Class 5: wood in contact with salt water, intended for material in constant contact with water (eg bridges.). Threats: Wood can rot over time. Wood: dried pine.

Other treatments exist, such as maceration, lime painting, or spraying, but they do not provide fungicidal or insecticidal protection comparable to that achieved by heat treatment or auto-tacking.

Robinia and chestnut are among the most rot-resistant wood species.

Exotic wood treatment: They do not require special protective treatment, they are durable in nature. However, if the wood is somewhat dry and “grayed”, it is treated with natural oils specially designed for exotic hardwoods.

Comfort: Wood is comfortable to walk on even at low temperatures, unlike stone, concrete or tile, which are only comfortable at higher surface temperatures

Eco-friendly: wood is renewable (if FSC certified), recyclable, requires little energy to manufacture and install, does not emit harmful substances and dust.

In the event of a fire, wood has a predictable behavior, it burns slowly and without releasing toxic substances, unlike artificial materials.

In the event of subsidence of wood, which is a pliable and flexible material, it self-adjusts.

Soundproofing: Wood has excellent sound-absorbing abilities, which are due to its fibrous nature and the high damping factor of the material.

Laying: Laying is quick and easy.

Durability: The service life of wooden structures is 50 years. Regular care and maintenance can achieve much greater durability. Maintenance means ensuring optimal structural and functional efficiency, taking into account the purpose and use of wood.